In chapter 17, a sectioned titled “Organization Design in a Changing World,” discusses various structures that have been used in management. It discusses traditional designs along with the functional structure, divisional structure, and matrix structure. These structures are found in organizations which are typically defined as “the traditional approach.”
A functional structure groups people based on the function they perform and links them with a supervisor who specifically understands their function. A divisional structure groups together activities which work together to complete the product. This allows them to focus on their specific task and share ideas to improve the product. The matrix structure is intended to create a stronger horizontal alignment and is effective when the organization needs to focus on a particular goal.